Some Air Navigation Rules (ANR) to be aware of
The following appropriate sections are extracted from the present ANR Document.
(Note that this document is also under review and may change)
Chapter 3 - Rules of the air
- Minimum Flying Heights
Except when necessary for taking off or landing, or except by
individual permission from the commissioner, aircraft shall be flown-
(a) over built-up areas or over an open-air assembly of persons at heights
which will permit, in the event of the failure of a power unit, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface; these heights shall not be less than 1 000 feet above the highest obstacle within a radius of 2 000 feet from the aircraft;
(b) when elsewhere than specified in subparagraph (a) above, at a height
not less than 500 feet above the ground or water unless the flight can
be made without hazard or nuisance to persons or property on the
ground or water
- Semi-circular rule
Except if otherwise directed by air traffic control the pilot-in-command of an aircraft in level flight above 1500 feet AGL shall fly at an appropriate flight level selected from the following table according to magnetic track:-
As Paragliders or Powered Paragliders may NOT fly IFR, the IFR columns are not applicable.
|From 0 to 179 degrees||From 180 to 359 degrees|
|IFR Flight Level||VFR Flight Level||IFR Flight Level||VFR Flight Level|
When flying above 1500 feet AGL, any flight in an approximate Eastward direction must be at either Fight Level 15, 35, 55, etc.
Any flight in an approximate Westward direction must be at either Flight Level 25, 45, 65, etc.
It is essential that the concept of Flight Level be thoroughly understood - FL 15 is NOT equivalent to 1500 feet AGL. Most PPG flights should occur below 1500 feet AGL (that is, below approx 450 m AGL) where this semi-circular rule does not apply.
- Landing on roads
No pilot shall use a public road as a place of landing or take-off, except -
(i)in the case of an emergency involving the safety of the aircraft or its occupants;
(ii)for the purpose of saving human lives; or
(iii)when involved in civil defence or law-enforcement operations:
Provided that at all times reasonable care is taken for the safety of others
with due regard to the prevailing circumstances.
- Following Line Features
Any aircraft flying at or below 1 500 feet above the surface and following a power line, a road, a railway line, a canal, a coastline or any other line feature within one nautical mile of such line feature shall fly to the right of such line feature, except when it is instructed to do otherwise by an air traffic control unit.